We loosely based our lesson plan on this book My Body - teacher created resources the basic idea is you draw an outline of the body and stick on pictures of the organs, muscles and skeleton. Each organ picture comes with an explanation. This was a good base line to start from and for younger kids it would have been enough but we are working with older girls as well so we added different experiments/activities and did some additional research using various books and Brainpop
Brain - looked at a walnut to show what a brain looks like and how it is encased in a hard shell (skull). Pre-recorded an excellent documentary called 'How our brain works' BBC which we watched and discussed. It used CGI to show which parts of the brain reacted in different circumstances and how our brain can trick us.
Heart - heaving heart kit from Horrible Science - this activity shows how the heart valves operate, was messy but fun.
Also did some heart rate activities - using a stethoscope to count heart beats for 30 secs resting and after exercise. Finished with a circulatory animation from Brainpop.
Kidneys - turn away if you are queasy - the girls asked for a real kidney they could dissect.
Followed this up with drawing a kidney and a diagram of the urinary system.
(DD4's effort)We discussed how kidneys filter our blood and used a coffee filter to filter sand from water.
Spleen/Pancreas/Gall Bladder - couldn't come up with any :(
Skeleton - used some chicken bones, snapped one in half and looked at the marrow and structure of the bone alongside a great animation from Brainpop.
The favourite old standby of popping a bone in vinegar to remove the calcium and being left with a bendy bone. Various games to identify the bones and their names. The younger girls also made plasticine people around toothpick skeletons to enforce the concept of the skeletons providing structure to our bodies.
Reproductive Organs - watched a great documentary showing the stages of foetal development in animals - showed the sperm meeting the egg, the eggs journey to the womb and the fetuses growth.
Muscles - relied on Brainpop for this one as the animation shows how muscles work in pairs, one contracting whilst the other relaxes, to create movement. We did ask them to hold their leg and identify which muscle caused the leg to bend and which caused the leg to straighten. After this I asked them to guess which muscle would bend or straighten their arms based on what they had learned from their legs.
Stomach - another great activity kit from Horrible Science - Sick Stomach. as you can guess we made our own vomit :( it even smelled realistic!
For those willing to try the recipe is 50ml water, 50ml milk (together they represent mucin in saliva) half a mashed banana, half a carrot (finely chopped), 1 digestive biscuit, vinegar and 1 teaspoon Bicarbonate of Soda.
Once we placed the mix in the stomach we squeezed the sides (to mimic your stomach muscles) to my horror the mix started foaming out of the top - took this opportunity to introduce the topic of heart burn - once we had left the mixture for 1/2 hour we could 'sick' out our vomit and examine it - lead to an interesting discussion on chyme (been in you stomach for 4 hours) and colours of vomit (green/yellow usually coloured by Bile and a sign of a gut blockage whereas black can be a sign of yellow fever - or too much cola)
Small & Large Intestine - used a 1.5m piece of thick rope (woolen belt) and a 7m piece of wool to explain the size difference and asked which they thought was the large intestine and why. Also watched another great animation from Brainpop.
(we also took this out in the garden to comapre the lengths but didn't manage to get a photo)
Liver - another dissection.
Lungs - created our own 'lungs in a bottle'. A very simple activity to show the importance of our diaphragm in breathing. Basically its 2 balloons attached to bendy straws inserted into half a plastic bottle, a further balloon is stretched over the base of the bottle to act as the diaphragm. the child is asked to blow in the straws to inflate the lungs which is really hard to do, when they realise that it can't be done they are asked to push the diaphragm in and out and see what happens to the lungs - when the diaphragm moves the air pressure is forced in and out of the lungs inflating or deflating them and breathing is mimicked.(this only works if the aparatus is airtight so use a sturdy bottle and plenty of blue tac to cover any gaps)
Skin/Eyes/Ears/Nose/Tongue - relied on the usual senses experiments.
To finish we spent some time talking about how to care for our bodies - sleep habits, food etc. and watched a couple more animations from Brainpop - the girls favourite was 'Bogies' (need I say more?!?) and mine was 'The Human Body' which discussed each system and how it interrelates.